“It comes as a great shock to discover that the country which is your birthplace and to which you owe your life and your identity, has not, in its whole system of reality, evolved any place for you.” – James Baldwin
“They take us down home, but they never give us a history of back home.” – Malcolm X
“Liberate the minds of men and ultimately you will liberate the bodies of men.” – Marcus Garvey
The hierarchy was set up by an ideology of white supremacy and justified the use of deceit, exploration, intimidation, and exclusion to keep Afro-Americans and other minorities “in their place.” This ideology was taught in the infant years of America and still continues to be implemented in present-day America.
“Every man in my family has been locked up. Most days I feel like it doesn’t matter what I do, how hard I try—that’s my fate, too.”
– 11th-grade African American student, Berkeley, California 2014